What is Nuclear Chain Reaction?
Nuclear Chain Reaction happens when a nuclear reaction leads an average of 1 or more succeeding nuclear reactions, therefore resulting to the probability of a self-cultivating chain of the said reactions. The nuclear reaction can be the fission of heavy isotopes. Compared to a chemical reaction, the nuclear chain reaction emits energy that is several millions stronger.
The process of nuclear chain reaction can be subdivided into 3 different stages. First is the initiation where a reactive chemical compound, that can be in a form of atom, ion, or a neutral molecular fragment. This intermediate is formed typically because of an agent, like light or heat. The second process is Propagation. Lastly, the termination which causes the chain carriers to reconnect as quickly as they are formed.
What Are the Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy?
Nuclear Wastes. Nuclear wastes, or also known as radioactive wastes are supposed to be thrown away or kept in a secure and secluded location because of their very hazardous radiations that could easily leak if it is not well-contained. This kind of waste can last up to hundreds of years.
Accidents. Despite technological advancements, we still can’t avoid the probability of accidents from happening. Even though a lot of the latest technologies have been injected to prevent what happened in Chernobyl and Fukushima, the risk of having a nuclear power is still extremely high. A minimal radiation leak from nuclear resources can already cause a lot of damage. If you’re exposed to the radiation, some of the symptoms you’ll experience include vomiting, diarrhea, and fatigue. People who work with these nuclear resources, and the ones who live near them are also of great danger.
Nuclear Radiation. There are different types of power reactors. Some of which are called breeders which produce plutonium. Although this component can’t be found in the nature, it is a fissionable component. It is the result of a chain reaction, which is very hazardous when exposed to the nature. Mostly, they are used to make nuclear weapons.
Effects on Aquatic Lifeforms. One of the many negative results of radioactive waste is Eutrophication. Today, a lot of meetings and gatherings are held to find a solution for this problem. However, there is still no viable solution until now.
Effects on Human Life. We all know the damage done by the Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear bombing. Even until now, people are still affected by the bombing that happened decades ago. On the other hand, the Chernobyl nuclear accident is currently the most devastating nuclear accident.
Military Industry. This is probably the worst disadvantage of nuclear power. Like mentioned earlier, the first usage of the nuclear power was used to create two nuclear bombs during the World War II. This incident was the first and the last where nuclear power is used for military purposes. Even though countries have signed an agreement not to use it for military attacks, the risk of it being used in the future still exist.